大香蕉伊人网>学习方法>高中学习方法>高一学习方法>高一英语>《高中英语的完形填空的做题技巧分析》正文

高中英语的完形填空的做题技巧分析

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  想要在高考中的完形填空获得比较高的分数,学生需要知道一些的做题的技巧,下面大香蕉伊人网的小编将为大家带来高中英语的完形填空的做题技巧的介绍,希望能够帮助到大家。

高中英语的完形填空的做题技巧分析

  高中英语的完形填空的做题技巧

  1.首先要以很快的速度浏览全文,掌握文章的主旨,不要急于看选项。浏览全文时要重点了解文中所叙述的人物、时间、地点、事件,即who,when,where,what。完形填空

  命题的原则一般是第一句话不挖空,目的是使读者进入语境,因此一定要认真阅读这句话。例如:

  Why is a space left between the rails of a railway line where one piece joins the next﹖

  这句话从铁轨之间的缝隙引出了问题。根据常识,文中内容应与热涨冷缩的物理现象有关。

  2.根据故事情节的发展选词,确定所填的词与文中哪个词有关系以及动作是在什么场合发生的。

  3.试填之后将所选定的词放到文章中复读检查。“字面译、通逻辑、搞代入、全文译”)

  具体操作中应注意的问题

  1.看清上下文,找准定位词

  充分利用文章的上下文和前后句,找到对选择有提示作用的词或句。这些词有时可能是同义词或反义词。例如:

  1)Some parts of the water are very shallow. But in some places it is veryvery_____.

  A. deep B. high C. cold D. dangerous

  根据转折连词but的提示,所填入的词应与shallow相反,因此答案为A。

  2)Mrs O’Neill asked_____questionsand she didn’t scold us either.

  A. no B. certain C. many D. more

  and是一个并列连词;either为副词,用在否定句或否定词后加强语势,由此可以确定所填的词也应是一个否定意义的词,因此答案是A。

  2.通顺逻辑,寻求搭配

  注意固定的搭配,包括动词与介词的搭配、动词与名词的搭配以及形容词与名词的搭配等,同时要根据内容选择正确的短语。例如:

  Here’s a fellow who just walked into a bank and helped himself_____so much money.

  A. for B. by C. to D. of

  表示“自取,随便拿”这个意义的短语是help oneself to…故答案为C。

  3.扎实基础,搞清辨异

  Soon I heard a_____like that of a door burst inand then a climb of feet.

  A. sound B. cry C. voice D. shout

  选项中的四个词都表示不同的声音,但B,C,D项的三个词都是指从嗓子里发出的声音,而sound则表示各种各样的声音。因此答案是A。

  4.看清执行者,确定所选词

  And video cameras can be used to_____people’s actions at home.

  A. keep B. make C. record D. watch

  句中动作的发出者是video cameras因此答案是C,意思是“记录”。

  5.寻求上下逻辑,从容确定关系

  It has been many years since I was last in London_____I still remember something that happened during that visit.

  A. and B. for C. but D. as

  根据句前的many years和句后的still remember答案应选表示转折的连词but.

  6.了解生活常识,确定相关知识

  Immediately)the officers jumped into their cars and rushed to the_____hospital.

  A. animal B. biggest

  C. plant D. nearest

  在这样的紧急情况下,人们的第一个反应是到最近的医院就医,因此答案为D。

  高中英语的完形填空的高频词组

  动词类:

  1. “看” :look; see; watch; observe; notice; catch sight of; stare; glare; glance; glimpse; see a film; watch TV;

  2. “说” :telll sth to sb.=tell sb sth; talk with sb about sth; say sth; speak in English; whisper sth to sb; inform sb of sth; reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth; bargain; cha; repea; explain; warn; remind; discuss; debate; figure; declare; claim; mention; admit; deny; describe; announce; introduce; complain

  3. “叫” :cry; call; shout; scream; moan; sigh; quarrel

  4. “问” :ask; interview; express; question

  5. “答”:answer; respond; reply

  6. “听”:listen to; hear; pick up; overhear

  7. “笑”:smile; laugh; burst into laughter; burst out laughing

  8. “哭”:cry; shed tears; weep; sob; burst into tears /burst out crying

  9. “吃/喝” :eat/drink; sip; have a meal; have supper; toast; taste; treat sb to; help oneself to

  10. “穿” :put on; wear; have on; be dressed in; make-up; get changed; be in red; take off ; remove

  11. “行” :walk ; run ; climb; jump; skip; slip; come/go; enter; move; drive; ride; fly; crawl

  12. “坐” :sit down; be seated; seat oneself; take a seat/ stand; lean

  13. “睡/休息” :lie /on one’s back/on one side/ on one’s stomach; stay in bed; have a rest; take a nap; be asleep; bend; turn over; rest

  14. “写” :dictate; write sth; describe; drop a line; draw; take down/write down

  15. “拿/放”: take; bring; hold; carry; fetch; lif; put; lay; pull; push

  16. “抓” :take hold of; seize; grasp; scratch

  17. “打” :hit; beat; strike; blow; attack

  18. “扔” :throw; drop; fall; wave; shake

  19. “送” :send; deliver; give; offer; see off

  20. “摸/抱” :ouch; fold; embrace; hug; hold; in one’s arms

  21. “踢/碰” :kick; knock; tip

  22. “找/查” :find; look for; find out; discover/explore; hunt for; search for seek / seek for in search of; search sb; search sp. for sth; check; examine; test; inspect

  23. “得” :get; obtain; acquire; gain; possess

  24. “失” :lose; be lost /be missing; gone; great loss

  25. “有” :have; own; conquer; occupy =possess

  26. “无” :nothing left; the remaining thing; disappear; be missing /gone

  27. “增/减” :rise / go up /drop; raise; bring down /reduce; increase/decrease

  28. “买/卖” :buy; purchase; afford; pay; pay off ; pay for; sell; on sale; bargain; bill / cheque / cash/credit card/notes/coins; discounts

  29. “存在/消失” :come into being; exist; appear; survive ; live; show; turn up; disappear; die; die out; pass away; be out of sight

  30. “变化” :develop; improve ; become; grow; go+ bad /wrong/ sour /without negative adj.) turn + colour; change /change into; reform

  31. “成功/失败” :make it; succeed; make progress; come true; realize one’s dream; win; lose; fail to do; defeat; suffer loss; beat; turn sth. into reality

  32. “努力” :try /manage; make efforts; attempt ; do ones best; do as much as one can to do

  33. 祝贺:congratulate sb. on sth.; celebrate; observe; get together

  34. 敬佩:admire; respect; show respect for/to; adore; envy /be jealousy

  35. 赞美/批评:praise; think highly of; blame sb for sth; sb is to blame; criticize /scold sb. for sth.; have a low opinion of sb; speak ill of

  36. 喜/恶:like; love; be fond of ; be keen on; be crazy about; adore; be into; prefer; enjoy; dislike hate; ignore

  37. 到达:arrive at; reach; return to; get to; stay in sp.; visit; leave; leave for

  38. 受伤:hurt ; injure; wound; cut; kill; drown; bleed; get burnt; suffer from; suffer a loss

  39. 损坏:damage; destroy; ruin; break down; crash; be broken

  40. 修复: repair; rebuild; restore; fix; recover oneself

  41. “认识的过程” :feel; sense; guess; suppose; wonder; doubt; know /learn realize understand remember; be familiar with; recall; recite; apply to

  42. 认为;判断:think; believe; consider; find; feel; conclude; infer; doubt

  43. 想/考虑:think of…as; think about; consider; think over

  44. 支持/反对:agree; disagree; accept; receive; refuse; turn down; be against; elect; vote for/ against

  45. 花费:sth/doing sth+cost; sb+spend+ in doing sth; sb+afford +n/to do sth ; It +takes/took some time/ money/energy to do sth; sb pay some money for sth.

  46. 省/存钱:save /save up; set aside; put away; spare no effort/ time

  47. 参加:take part in; join /join in; attend; compete in/ for/against

  48. 控告:accuse sb. of; charge sb. with

  49. 救治/帮助: help /help out; save /rescue sb from sth.; treat; cure sb. of sth; aid sb in doing sth / to do sth; help sb with sth assist sb in doing sth

  50. 逃避:run away; escape from; flee; hide

  51. 阻止/禁止:prevent / keep/ stop sb. from doing sth; forbid doing sth.; ban; prohibit

  52. 对付/处理:handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth ; solve; settle

  53. 效仿:copy; imitate; learn from; learn

  54. 爆发/发生:come about; happen to; take place; break out; burst out; go off; explode

  55. 安装/装备:fasten; fix; set; equip; be armed with; be equipped with

  56. 追求:pursuit; ran after; seek after; chase; catch up with; keep up with

  57. 建议:advise; suggest; recommend; propose; urge; demand; persuade

  58. 打算:plan / intend / design to do; be going to do /be about to do /will do

  59. 似乎/好象:seem; appear; look like/ as if /as though

  60. 开办/关闭:open; start; set up; close/close up; end; close down

  【点击下载word全文】

  名词类:

  1假期 vacation holiday spring break ask for leave be on holiday have two days off

  2旅游 trip journey tour voyage travel tourist passenger go camping/picnicking/hiking

  3职务人员 clerk secretary passer-by friend minister manager waitress guest host hostess

  Assistant customer adult neighbor relative patient /vet staff crew nurse teacher

  Conductor tailor sailor inventor gardener guard

  4餐馆/定餐/就餐 inn restaurant kitchen menu bill order tip fork and knife reserve /book table Taste delicious salad dash vegetables fruit tray napkin

  5诊所/看病/服药 clinic hospital take one’s temperature take medicine/pills have a fever/flu/headache doctor physician surgeon specialist patient

  6车站/机场 airport on board miss the train/bus catch a train meet sb.

  7身体部位 arm head hair brain waist back shoulder pulse wrist

  8意志 will courage patience determination faith effort confidence ambition energy

  9才能/品质 talent gift ability potential intelligent promising smart stupid careful proud

  Strict honest cold serious easy-going learned knowledgeable

  10优缺点 advantage disadvantage strength weakness

  11目标 aim goal intention purpose belief faith

  12方式 means method way manner approach

  13身体素质 strong weak pale sick ill be well keep slim/ fit cut weight/put on weight

  14图表 photo picture graph drawing table line/bar graph pie chart draw a sketch 划草图

  15文章 reading translation essay poem paper novel/fiction article magazine newspaper journal 日志 diary日记 Files form make a list of

  16课堂class course lecture example reason message notes words phrase scholarship degree

  Subject question trouble difficulty grades read comment marks

  17 学校活动 match game activity hold a meeting /debate /speech/ ceremony

  18建议/观点 advice suggestion idea proposal view recommandation

  19气候/天气 climate weather storm windy cloudy rainy snow hot/cold/freezing/heat/warmth

  20交通 by train/bus /boat bike on the train/bus /a bike drive a car ride a bike

  give sb. a lift/ride

  21习惯 habit custom get used to regular有规律的形容词) practice惯例名词)

  22感觉 sight hearing touch smell sense

  23情感 feeling emotion anger delight sadness sorrow

  24 财富 money possessions wealth belongings fortunes treasure diamond be rich/well-off

  25 运动比赛 on the playground on the track and filed pitch event game match sports player Coach judge jogging weightlifting play volleyball/soccer/

  26衣服 clothes, cloth, clothing clothes统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth指布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用a piece of, an article of

  27事件 incident, accident  incident指小事件, accident指不幸的事故

  形容词类

  1人的各种感受

  乐happy delighted to one’s joy pleased amused

  悲 sad unhappy painful bitter

  平静 calm quiet silent/still peaceful

  烦bother bored be fed up with

  震惊 surprised astonished shocked /amazed

  怕 in fear be frightened /scared /afraid

  失望desperate disappointed hopeless be depressed

  满意be satisfied with /be content to do

  生气 Annoyed angry disgusting burst into rage

  2 表程度的副词类

  narrowly/ Nearly/ almost hardly/ hard extremely/ very very/ quite

  Accidently/ once in a while occasionaly/ once far / by far

  Farther/ further better/ worse be well/ good however/ therefore/so/thus

  【点击下载word全文】

  2016高考英语完形填空高频词组大全

  With the help of 在~~帮助下

  under the leadership / care of 在~~领导/关心下

  be strict with sb. 对~人要求严格

  be strict in sth. 对~事要求严格

  at present=at the present time 目前

  for the present 暂时

  in the sun/sunshine 在阳光下

  under the sun 在世界上

  lie in 位于~~之内

  lie on 同~~接壤

  lie to 位于~~之外

  at least 至少

  in the least 丝毫,一点

  by name 名叫

  in the name of 以~~名义

  in the air 空中,在流传

  on the air 播出

  in the way 挡路,障碍,用~~方法

  In a way 在某点上,在某种程度上

  get one’s own way to do 随心所欲

  give way 让步,屈服

  ose one’s way 迷路

  by the way 顺便说一下

  on one’s way to 在去~~的路上

  Come this way 这边走

  at the corner 在拐角处外角)

  in the corner 在角落里内角)

  on the corner 在角落上外角上)

  judge by / from 根据~~来判断

  judge for oneself 由某人自己来判断

  at the end of) 在~~结束时

  at the beginning of 在~~开始时

  at the back of 在~~背后,支持

  at the age of ~~岁时

  at the foot of 在~~脚下

  at the bottom of 在~~底部

  at the top of 在~~顶上

  at/on the edge of 在~~边上

  in the course of 在~~过程中

  in the eyes of 从~~观点看来,在~~眼里

  in the face of 面对~,尽管,纵使

  in the middle of 在~中间

  in the end =at last=finally 最后

  on the eve of 在~~前夕

  on the side of 在~~一边

  after a time = after some time 过一段时间后

  for a time = for some time 一时,有一段时间

  behind time 迟到,过期

  behind the times 落在时代后面

  at no time 决不

  in no time 立即,马上

  at one time = once time 曾经

  at a time = each time 每次

  at times = sometimes 有时

  at all times 经常,一直,始终

  at the same time 同时

  at the time 在~~的时候

  by the time 到~~的时候

  for a moment 一会儿

  for the moment 暂时

  at the moment 当时

  the moment /minute /instance 正当~~一刹那

  once or twice 一两次

  more than once 不止一次

  once more 重新,又

  once upon a time 从前

  once in a while 偶尔

  【点击下载word全文】

  1. 以break为中心的词组

  break away from 脱离,逃离

  break down 破坏,粉碎;瓦解;出故障,抛锚

  break in 闯进,打断;使顺服

  break into 闯入;强行进入;突然开始

  break out 爆发,发生;准备使用;起锚

  break the law 违反法律

  break the record 破记录

  break one’s promise 失言

  break up 开垦,破碎;解散,分开,分解

  2. 以catch为中心的词组

  be caught doing 被发现做某事 be caught in the rain 淋雨

  catch a bus/train 赶汽车/火车 catch a cold 伤风,感冒

  catch one’s word 听懂某人的话 catch sight of 发现,瞥见

  catch up with 赶上,追及,追上

  3. 以come为中心的词组

  come across 偶尔发现,想起;越过;偿付

  come along 一道来,陪伴;进步,进展;出现

  come at 达到,求得,得到;扑向,袭击

  come back 回来;恢复,复原

  come down 倒下;降落;跌落;病倒

  come from 来自,起源于,从~~产生,生于

  come in 进来,进入;流行起来;获名次

  come into being 发生,产生,出现,形成

  come into power 开始执政,当权,当选

  come into use 开始使用,获得应用

  come on 上演;开始;赶快;发展;登台;问题)被提出

  come to know 开始了解到

  come out 出来,传出;出版;结果是;褪色;秘密)泄露

  come to 苏醒,复原;共计;达到;归结于

  come to an end 终止,结束

  come true 实现,成为现实;证实

  come up 走近;上楼;长出,发芽

  4. 以do为中心的词组

  be done in 精疲力竭 be done with 完全结束

  do a good deed 做一件好事 do away with 去掉,废除;弄死;浪费

  do good to =do sb. good) 有益于 do harm to =do sb. good) 有害于

  do its work 有效,有作用 do much 极有用

  do wrong to 做错 do one’s best 尽某人最大努力

  do one’s homework 做作业 do one’s utmost 尽力而为

  do proud 足以使~~骄傲 do sb. justice 公平对待某人

  do some cleaning V+ing,etc.) 搞卫生 do sb. a favor 帮助某人

  do well in 学得不错,干得漂亮 do with 和~~相处,忍受,处理

  do without 不需要,不用 do wonders 创造奇迹

  have much to do with 和~~很有关系 have nothing to do with 与~~无关

  have something to do with 和~~有关 in doing so=in so doing 这时,在这种情况下

  That will do. 行了;够了

  【点击下载word全文】

  5. 以get为中心的词组

  get about 徘徊,走动,旅行;流传 get above oneself 自视高傲

  get accustomed to 习惯于,对~~习以为常 get across 度过,通过,横过;说服,使理解

  get ahead of 胜过,超过 get along 前进,进步;同意;离去

  get along with 与~~相处 get at 发现,了解;掌握;攻击

  have got to do 不得不,必须 get away 离开,逃脱

  get back 取回,回来;报复 get behind 落后;识破

  get down 咽下;写下;使沮丧,使抑郁 get down to 认真对待,静下心来

  get familiar with 熟悉 get hold of 获得,取得

  get home 到家

  get in 进入,陷入;牵涉

  get off 送走;脱下衣服);下车;

  动身 get on 上车;穿上;进步,使前进;成功;相处

  get upon with 进步;在~~方面获得成功

  get one’s hand in 熟悉;习惯

  get out of 由~~出来,从~~得出;避免;退休

  get over 越过;恢复,痊愈;克服;完成

  get ready for 为~~作准备

  get rid of 除去,去掉;免除,摆脱

  get through 到达,完成,通过;及格

  get together 积聚,积累;商谈,取得一致意见

  get up 起床,起立;研究,钻研;致力于;安排,组织

  get used to 习惯于

  6. 以give为中心的词组

  be given to 沉溺于,癖好 give about 分配;传播

  give and take 相互迁就 give away 赠送;牺牲;泄露;颁发

  give back 归还 give cause 给予~~的理由

  give ear to 侧耳倾听 give forth 发出,放出;发表

  give in 屈服,让步,投降 give in to 同意,接受;向~~让步

  give off 发出烟,气味) give oneself out to be/as 自称为

  give oneself up to 专心于;向~~自首 give out 分发,公布

  give place to 让位于,被~~所替代 give rise to 引起,导致;使~~发生

  give sb. to understand 通知某人 give up 放弃;停止

  give way to 让步,退却;屈服于

  【点击下载word全文】

  7. 以look为中心的词组

  look about 四下环顾;查看 look after 照顾,看管

  look around 东张西望 look at 注视,着眼于

  look back 回顾 look for 寻找;期待,期望

  look down on 俯视;轻视 look forward to 盼望,期待

  look into 窥视;调查;浏览 look like 看起来象

  look on 旁观;面向 look out 向外看;注意;当心,堤防

  look over 从上面看过去;检查 look through 透过~~看去;看穿;浏览

  look up to 仰望,尊敬

  8. 以make为中心的词组

  be made from 由~~原料制成

  be made of 由~~材料制成

  be made up of 由~~组成

  make a fool of 愚弄,欺骗

  make a mistake 弄错

  make a point of doing 强调;认为~~重要;决心,坚持

  make advantages/use of 使用,利用

  make after 追求,追赶

  make believe 假装

  make certain 确信,把~~弄清楚

  make contact with 接通,与~~接触,与~~联系

  make for 去向,向~~前进;有利于

  make friends with 和~~交友

  make into 把~~制成,使~~转变为

  make much of 重视;理解;赏识

  make one’s mind on sth. 决定某事

  make one’s own 当作自己的看待

  make oneself at home 随便,别拘束

  make out 填写;开支票;理解;辨认

  make the best of 尽量利用;极为重视

  make up 弥补,修理;赔偿,补偿;起草;编造;化装

  make up to 接近,巴结;向~~求爱

  make way for 为~~让路,让路于

  on the make 急求成功;增加

  9. 以put为中心的词组

  put aside 把~~放在一边;搁置;排除

  put away 把~~放好,把~~收拾;储藏;吃喝,吃掉

  put back 把~~放回原处;驳回

  put down 放下;镇压;制止;记下;削减;降落

  put forward 提出;拨快;建议,推荐;提倡,倡议

  put ~~ into 把~~放入;插入;翻译成

  put off 推迟,延期;消除;推脱,推辞

  put on 上演;穿上,带上

  put up with 忍受,容忍

  put one’s heart into 全神贯注,专心致志

  put up 举起,挂起;提名,推荐;陈列

  【点击下载word全文】

  10. 以take为中心的词组

  be taken aback 吃惊 take a seat 就坐

  take a shower 淋浴,洗澡 take aim 瞄准,设立目标

  take away 拿走,减去;夺去 take ~~ by surprise 出奇制胜

  take one’s place 就坐,入坐

  take care of 当心,注意;照顾;提防;谨慎;处理,对付;负责

  take office 就职,上任

  take ~~ for 把~当作

  take off 脱去,除去;离开;起飞;模仿;起程;致死;复制,作副本;减弱

  take one’s temperature 量体温

  take part in 参与,参加

  take it easy 别着急,慢慢来

  take place = happen 发生,举行

  take the place of 代替 take pride in 以~~为荣,对~~骄傲

  take sb. by the arm 拉某人的胳膊

  11. 以turn为中心的词组

  give a new turn to 对~~予以新的看法

  in one’s turn 轮到某人做某事

  out of turn 不按次序的,不合适宜的

  take one’s turn to do 轮到做

  turn a blind eye to 对~~视而不见

  turn against 背叛,采取敌对态度

  turn back 折回,往回走

  turn down 折叠,翻下,驳回,拒绝考虑

  turn into 走进;变成,变为

  turn to ~~for help 求助于

  turn off 关上自来水,电器开关);解雇,辞退;避开问题);制造;生产

  turn on 打开自来水,电器开关);反对;依靠,依赖,取决于

  turn one’s attention to 把注意力转向

  turn out 培养;证明是;制成;实际情况是

  turn out to be 原来是,证明是,结果是

  turn over a new leaf 翻开新的一页,重新开始,改过自新

  turn a)round 旋转,转过身来;改变意见;采取新政策

  turn to 变成;着手于

  turn upside down 颠倒过来,翻过来;使陷入混乱


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